Everything You Know About Obesity is Wrong

Most of us have at one time or another in our lives struggled with our body fat and weight. There are so many diets and exercises that all promise to help us get our dream body, but even after burning through all our willpower we rarely see any lasting change.

The problem

Obesity has recently reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1.9 billion adults who are overweight in 2016, and 650 million obese. The United States is unfortunately one of the world leaders in the number of obese adults and children.

80% of adults are overweight or obese

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. Overweight children are likely to become obese adults. They are more likely than non-overweight children to develop diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age, which in turn are associated with a higher chance of premature death and disability.

1 in 3 children are overweight or obese

The physical problems with obesity are just the tip of the iceberg, The psychological impact on individuals is immense.

45% of adults say they’re preoccupied with their weight some or all of the time

Particularly with the emergence of social media the levels of depression have risen considerably. We are bombarded with imagery of what we are conditioned is the ideal physique. Often these pictures use camera angles and digitally alteration to show a physique that is impossible in reality.

On an even more personal level obesity has been associated with bullying, With heightened expectations in sexual desirability and the now availability of unlimited variety and immediate reward of pornography our hindbrains get tricked into accepting an artificial norm.

89% of obese adults have been bullied by their romantic partners

WHY You are set up for failure

Globally, 41 million preschool children were overweight in 2016

Unfortunately fat cells multiply but are never destroyed. So obese children (and adults) really struggle with weight loss because the fat cells themselves cannot be taken away. However don’t be discouraged the cells can shrink to almost nothing!

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. Overweight children are likely to become obese adults. They are more likely than non-overweight children to develop diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age, which in turn are associated with a higher chance of premature death and disability.

.Our reptilian hind brain is easy to fool, it loves sweet foods - in fact fMRI scans have shown that sugar and cocaine light up similar areas in the brain.. Finding honey millions of years ago would be a huge pay off to our ancestors as it would allow them to get massive amounts of energy quickly - which would aid their survival. Unfortunately this adaptation is not helpful anymore because we have abundance of calories and very little need to burn them off. Food is not scarce, we do not need to trek long distances to hunt and we rarely need to fight.

Food has become less of a need and more of a pleasure. We are focused on convenience and taste - but not nutritional value. Fast food has been prevalent for the last 50 years. We are marketed to relentlessly by fast food companies that do not have our best interest at heart. The cost of the product is low and therefore they are able to spend the highest dollars in advertising to gain our attention. When we are tired from a long day at work or are really hungry, the first thing that often comes to mind is fast food. Even our athletes are sponsored by fast food companies serving sugary drinks or low quality burgers - this all influences us in ways we aren’t aware of.

It is also very common for people to “eat their feelings” as a form of escape or comfort. It is very difficult to tell someone to lay off the cheeseburgers if you don’t the psychological factors affecting them and what those burgers are doing for them.

Evidence shows that diets don’t work (long term)

Most diets and exercise programs do not produce long term results. Less than 10% of weight loss is maintained over 1 year. There are a number of reasons for this, and largely it could be said that these changes in diet and exercise are done as a short term solution. The aim for most people is to suffer in the short term to get the body they want and then go back to their normal diet afterwards. They see the diet as a chore and as a means to an end.

Another problem with diets - especially when we really lower our calories by more than 10% or exercise excessively is that our metabolism slows down. A study of contestants on the TV show “The Biggest Loser,” for example, found that before the competition, they had an average resting metabolism rate of 2,607 calories per day. After the show, it was 2,000 calories. Six years later, even though most had returned to their pre-show weight, their resting metabolism had dropped to 1,900 calories per day.

Garbage in, garbage out

Eating less calories than you use per day is the recipe for weight loss. However it is also important to know that what the food is does make a difference - primarily because we generally want to look healthy outside but also be healthy on the inside.

60% of calories Americans consume comes from ultra-processed foods

Our insulin (a hormone secreted by the pancreas) that controls your sugar levels, muscle synthesis and fat mobilisation is the major factor in muscle gain and fat loss. Having high levels of blood sugar and therefore high levels of insulin puts you in an anabolic state. Now anabolic essentially means building - building muscle, building fat, storing energy. We all need both anabolic (building) and catabolic states (breaking down). Our insulin levels therefore rise and fall with our intake, but when we take in sugars and low glycemic index foods our blood sugars spike up and therefore so do our insulin levels to try to bring them back down. These sharp rises and falls are not good for our body and cause damage by both the glucose (which is highly oxidising) and the level of insulin (which can build resistance).

Fructose damages insulin sensitivity

The holy grail

Ideally we would want to be able to eat the food that we have now been conditioned to eat and our reptilian brains have evolved to crave but without the associated negatives. There are many areas of research into creating foods which mimic these holy grail’s, so that both our higher goals and our reptilian brains are satisfied. The use of food science is creating artificial meat that should help reduce global warming (meat production produces tons of greenhouse gases) and the atherosclerosis associated with high red meat intake. The use of healthy ingredients but made into the style of our favourite fast foods is most promising to help reduce the levels of obesity because they do not require an alteration in behaviour (such as Proteinza pizza).

Author: Dr. Nikhil Patel M.D.

What If People Could Actually Eat Pizza and be Healthy?

We combined two ingredients Chicken and Brown Rice and transformed it into an incredible tasting pizza called Proteinza.

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